visitor structure analysis at museums



initial situation and objectives

In recent years, the importance of visitor orientation has been emphasized more and more. Museums increasingly claim to take into account the interests, needs, competences and attitudes of visitors, especially with regard to their own exhibitions and the communication of certain contents. However, they are confronted with a very diverse audience. In order to be able to work in a visitor-oriented way, it is important for museums to know as much as possible about their own visitors. This is where the project starts. The aim is to record and examine in depth the skills, competences and prerequisites that museum visitors bring with them. Two studies will be carried out for this purpose.


study 1:
visitor structure analysis

In a first study, a visitor structure analysis will be carried out. For this purpose, visitors to all participating museums will be interviewed over three survey periods with regard to various personal characteristics such as socio-demographic data, migration background and educational-psychological constructs. The aim is to obtain a comprehensive and in-depth picture of visitors to various museums in Germany. In addition, visitors can be characterized according to different museum types.

study 2: delphi study on the investigation of museum literacy

The aim of the second study is to examine the competencies and prerequisites of museum visitors from the perspective of museum professionals. A Delphi study will be conceived for this purpose. This means that in an iterative, anonymous survey process, experiences and opinions of different museum experts will be collected, summarised and evaluated in a first round. In a second and third round, the museum experts evaluate, classify and, if necessary, supplement the results obtained.

    This project is co-funded by Aktionsplan Leibniz-Forschungsmuseen.



persons involved

  • Dr. Lorenz Kampschulte, Deutsches Museum
  • Prof. Dr. Olaf Köller, IPN Erziehungswissenschaft
  • Dr. Gun-Brit Thoma, IPN Erziehungswissenschaft
  • Prof. Dr. Doris Lewalter, TUM School of Education
  • Jenny Meyer, IPN Erziehungswissenschaft
  • Anna Lara Paeske, IPN Erziehungswissenschaft

cooperation partners

  • Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung – Leibniz-Zentrum für Lebenslanges Lernen (DIE), Bonn
  • Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen
  • TUM School of Education, Technische Universität München
  • Deutsches Museum, München
  • Deutsches Bergbau Museum, Bochum – Leibniz-Forschungsmuseum für Georessourcen
  • Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum- Leibniz-Institut für deutsche Schifffahrtsgeschichte (DSM), Bremerhaven
  • Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum – Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Archäologie (RGZM), Mainz
  • Germanisches Nationalmuseum (GNM), Nürnberg
  • Museum für Naturkunde – Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung (MfN), Berlin
  • Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung (SGN), Frankfurt
  • Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander König – Leibniz-Institut für Biodiversität der Tiere (ZFMK), Bonn

Martina Kapitza

Studies in Mathematics and Biology for teaching (M.Ed., Gymnasium) at Kiel University
since 2016 doctoral candidate at Kiel Science Outreach Campus

Searching for resistance - Epistemic beliefs in connection with out-of-school learning

Prof. Dr. Kerstin Kremer
Biology Education, IPN

Prof. Dr. Hinrich Schulenburg
Evolutionary Ecology and Genetics, Kiel University

David Hölscher

Studies in Prehistorical and Historical Archaeology, Medieval Archaeology, Archaeology of the Roman Provinces and History at the Universities of Freiburg, Gothenburg and Kiel
since 2018 doctoral candidate at Kiel Science Outreach Campus

Knowledge transfer in archaeology. A study on the communication of current research content through multimedia learning environments

Prof. Dr. Johannes Müller und Dr. Walter Dörfler
Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University

Prof. Dr. Ilka Parchmann
Chemistry Education, IPN

Dr. Katrin Schöps
Kieler Forschungswerkstatt, IPN/Kiel University

Sarah Kellberg

Studies of biological anthropology, ethnology and history of art at Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
since 2014 research associate at Deutsches Museum, Munich
since 2017 doctoral candidate Kiel Science Outreach Campus

Promoting “Energy Literacy” through an interactive exhibition

Prof. Dr. Jeffrey Nordine
Physics Education, IPN

Prof. Dr. Doris Lewalter
Formal and Informal Learning, Technical University of Munich

Johanna Krüger

Studies in Biology and Geography for teaching (M.Ed., Gymnasum) at Kiel University
since 2016 doctoral candidate at Kiel Science Outreach Campus

Experiment and simulation - Interaction of scientific working methods

Dr. Katrin Knickmeier
Kieler Forschungswerkstatt, IPN/Kiel University

Prof. Dr. Ilka Parchmann und Dr. Tim Höffler
Chemistry Education, IPN

Prof. Dr. Martin Wahl
Benthic Ecology, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

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